David Jonathan Gross(1941~)



- bachelor's degree and master's degree from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel in 1962
- Ph.D in physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1966
- Junior Fellow at Harvard University and a Professor at Princeton University until 1997

- an American particle physicist and string theorist
- formulated the theory of the heterotic string
- the former director and current holder at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University of California, Santa Barbara
- a chair-professor in the UC Santa Barbara Physics Department currently

- the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in 1987
- Dirac Medal (1988)
- Harvey Prize (2000)
- Nobel Prize Physics 2004 : asymptotic freedom in the theory of strong interaction


Andrei Dmitriyevich Linde(1948~)





- bachelor of Science degree from Moscow State University
- Ph.D. from the Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow in 1975

- a Russian-American theoretical physicist and cosmologist
- one of the main authors of the inflationary universe theory
- worked at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) since 1989
- moved to USA in 1990 where he became Professor of Physics at Stanford University
- the chair-professor of Physics at Stanford University currently
- a member of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences


- Dirac Medal in 2002
- the Gruber Cosmology Prize in 2004
- Fundamental Physics Prize  in 2012 : development of inflationary cosmology, including the theory of new inflation, eternal chaotic inflation and the theory of inflationary multiverse


Edward Witten(1951~)

- Bachelor of Arts with a major in history from Brandeis University in 1971
- enrolling in applied mathematics at Princeton University[citation needed] then shifting departments and receiving a Ph.D. in physics in 1976 under David Gross
- held a fellowship at Harvard University (1976–77)
- a junior fellow in the Harvard Society of Fellows (1977–80)

- an American theoretical physicist with a focus on mathematical physics
- made contributions in mathematics and helped bridge gaps between fundamental physics and other areas of mathematics
- In 2004, Time magazine stated that "Witten was widely thought to be the world's greatest living theoretical physicist"
- also appeared in the list of TIME magazine's 100 most influential people of 2004
- Pope Benedict XVI appointed Witten as a member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences (2006)
- a professor of mathematical physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton currently

- MacArthur Fellowship, a MacArthur Grant (1982)
- the first physicist to be awarded a Fields Medal by the International Union of Mathematics in 1990 : an inaugural awardee of the Fundamental Physics Prize, the creation of physicist and internet entrepreneur, Yuri Milner
- the Nemmers Prize in Mathematics (2000)
- the National Medal of Science (2002)
- Pythagoras Award (2005)
- the Henri Poincaré Prize (2006)
- the Crafoord Prize (2008)
- the Lorentz Medal (2010)
- the Isaac Newton Medal (2010)
- the Fundamental Physics Prize (2012)